Conflict of interest as ethical shorthand: understanding the range and nature of “non-financial conflict of interest” in biomedicine [Texte]
Grundy et al.
Journal of clinical epidemiology, 2020
Expansion of the definition of conflict of interest to include non-financial interests may have unintended consequences, including exclusion of diverse perspectives. Problems labeled “non-financial conflicts of interest” should be defined in terms of what they are rather than what they are not (i.e., “non”-financial). We suggest instead, preventing financial conflicts of interest and ensuring inclusive and equitable representation within evidence-based processes.
Conflicts of interest: new thinking, new processes [Abstract]
Komesaroff et al.
Internal medicine journal, 2019
We define an ‘interest’ as ‘a commitment, goal, obligation or duty related to a particular social role or practice’. We show how in a particular setting multiple interests can be at play, which can be either financial or non-financial, with the latter often being the most potent drivers of behaviour. We define a ‘conflict of interest’ as the condition that arises when two coexisting interests directly conflict with each other: that is, when they are likely to compel contrary and incompatible outcomes. COI therefore reflect objective states of affairs rather than internal mental states; they do not imply moral error; and they are identified through public rather than private processes involving ethical dialogues among relevant stakeholders.
Scientific rigor and credibility in the nutrition research landscape [Texte]
Kroeger et al.
American Journal of clinical nutrition, 2018
Although various competing interests, such as the desire for fame and respect, the imperative to publish, or stakes in previous bodies of work, may increase bias within research and merit attention, financial interests often receive the most attention […]
Reporting conflicts of interest becomes more complicated, for instance, with the agenda of making a living via career advancement. If academic researchers want tenure, they often must obtain grant support (often from both private and federal sectors, to show resource diversity) and publish. Both processes involve a level of “selling” research questions and results.
[…] Matters become further complicated with ideological conflicts of interest, such as when the source of conflict is a person’s opinion or belief. In this case, the agenda may be to convince others of an idea or spread an opinion. One may ask whether a person’s research is unduly biased in the direction of his or her ideology.
Should we try to manage non-financial interests? [Texte]
Wiersma et al.
British Medical Journal, 2018
Typology of interests
- Intellectual commitments (eg, working within a theoretical framework, school of thought, or having proposed a hypothesis)
- Interest in a positive outcome to a study that will support your previous findings
- Interest in maintaining professional reputation
- Interest in career advancement
- Interest in finding potential practical applications of research
- Interest in maintaining good relations with entities that can provide future research funding
Reporting of Financial and Non-financial Conflicts of Interest in Systematic Reviews on Health Policy and Systems Research: A Cross Sectional Survey [Texte]
Bou-Karroum et al.
International journal of health policy and management, 2018
Eighty percent of systematic reviews included authors’ COI disclosures. Of the 160 systematic reviews that included COI disclosures, 15% had at least one author reporting at least one type of COI. The two most frequently reported types of COI were individual financial COI and individual scholarly COI (11% and 4% respectively). Institutional COIs were less commonly reported than individual COIs (3% and 15% respectively) and non-financial COIs were less commonly reported than financial COIs (6% and 14% respectively). Only one systematic review reported the COI disclosure by editors, and none reported disclosure by peer reviewers. All COI disclosures were in the form of a narrative statement in the main document and none in an online document.
The dangers of neglecting non–financial conflicts of interest in health and medicine [PDF]
Wiersma et al.
Journal of medical ethics, 2017
We believe that focusing solely on financial interests and COIs—such as those stemming from pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of research or payments to doctors, and overlooking non-financial interests and COIs—such as those stemming from relationships,
personal beliefs, and the desire for prestige and career progression, ignores the possibility that harm may arise from non-financial COIs, discourages exploration of the relationship between financial and non-financial COIs, and impedes the development of appropriate
management strategies for all types of COI.
[…] there are no meaningful conceptual distinctions between financial and non-financial COIs and few practical differences.
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research [PDF]
Andrew W. Brown
University of Alabama in Birmingham, 2016
Conflict of interest disclosure in biomedical research: a review of current practices, biases, and the role of public registries in improving transparency [Texte]
Dunn et al.
Research Integrity and Peer Review, 2016
In practice, every researcher holds a set of interests—financial, personal, ideological, or otherwise—which may lead to bias in the context of specific research. The topic of disclosing conflicts of interest has been debated since the 1980s, with disagreements about whether or not conflicts of interest should be disclosed and whether methods of peer review are sufficient for mitigating the potential for bias associated with research undertaken by researchers who hold conflicts of interest.
Why Having a (Nonfinancial) Interest Is Not a Conflict of Interest [Texte]
Bero & Grundy
PLOS Biology, 2016
Examples of Interests in Biomedical Research :
Personal, religious, or political beliefs
Advocacy or policy positions of the researcher or organization with which they are affiliated
Intellectual, theoretical, or school of thought commitments
Type of training; professional or academic education
Profession or discipline
Academic competition or rivalry
Career advancement or promotion
Glory seeking or desire for fame
Dominant researcher in area of research
Personal experience with subject of the research
Personal relationship with someone who has the disease or condition under study
Role as investigator on study included in a systematic review
Published opinion essay or commentary on topic of research
Institutional affiliation or academic associations
Understanding Bias — The Case for Careful Study [Texte]
The new england journal of medicine, 2015
“These policies of mandatory disclosure thwart the principle that a work should be judged solely on its merits,” he wrote. “By emphasizing credentials, these policies foster an ad hominem approach to evaluating science.”
The study by Kesselheim et al. suggests that Rothman’s prophecy may have come true. So why, despite such reasoned cautions, have so few been willing to listen?
Nonfinancial Conflicts of Interest in Research [Abstract]
Norman G. Levinsky
New England journal of medicine, 2002
Attention, ces articles peuvent être des articles d’opinions, non exempts eux-mêmes de biais ou conflits d’intérêts.
L’impact des conflits d’intérêts non financiers dans la publication scientifique [Texte]
Ideological Conflicts of Interest Are Worse than Financial Ones [Texte]
American council on science and health, 2017
Les conflits d’intérêts non financiers sont peut-être aussi délétères que les conflits d’intérêts financiers, mais ingérables ! [Texte]